He went underground (during which time he became known as the Black Pimpernel for his ability to evade capture) and was one of the founders of

He was a founding member of the Elders, a group of international leaders established in 2007 for the promotion of conflict resolution and problem solving throughout the world. Mandela refused both offers, the second on the premise that only free men were able to engage in such negotiations and, as a prisoner, he was not a free man. He was sentenced to life in prison for life. 1990), and In His Own Words (2003). Starting in 2002, Mandela encouraged AIDS awareness and treatment, despite the stigma surrounding the disease.

During the extended court proceedings, he divorced his first wife and married Nomzamo Winifred Madikizela ( height: 28px; In 1962 he went to Algeria for training in guerrilla warfare and sabotage, returning to South Africa later that year. , in full Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela, byname Madiba, (born July 18, 1918, Mvezo, South Africa—died December 5, 2013, Johannesburg), black nationalist and the first black president of South Africa (1994–99).
Nelson Mandela was the son of Chief Henry Mandela of the Madiba clan of the Xhosa-speaking Tembu people. Now you know plenty of interesting facts about this extremely important figure in history. He did not agree to this provision. He grew up in a rural area, and he engaged in activities such as herding animals. On August 5, shortly after his return, Mandela was arrested at a road block in Natal; he was subsequently sentenced to five years in prison. P.W. He’d inherited the name ‘Nelson’ from teachers at primary school. Freedom Charter, a document calling for nonracial social democracy in South Africa. His birth name was Rolihlahla Mandela. Nelson Mandela died on December 5, 2013, in Johannesburg. Mandela is thought to have had many favourite dishes, but he was particularly fond of tripe. An offer made in 1985 required that he renounce the use of violence. In fact, he is the only one surviving. He was born in Transkei, Africa. Write for us |

vertical-align: middle; He was a lawyer in addition to an activist and politician. In 1998, on his 80th birthday he married Graca Machel, who was the widow of a former Mozambique president. apartheid system of racial segregation and ushered in a peaceful transition to majority rule. His negotiations in the early 1990s with South African Pres. He was in serious condition with a lung infection and was on life support for almost six months. line-height: 28px; He won the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1993, along with South Africa’s president at the time, F.W. As South Africa’s political situation deteriorated after 1983, and particularly after 1988, he was engaged by ministers of Pres. Once restrictions lifted on the ANC, Mandela was released – in, Mandela’s son passed away as a result of complications from AIDS.
Nelson Mandela was born on the 18th July 1918 in the village of Mvezo, in an area of South Africa called Transkei. Mandela held the distinction of standing for the Presidency, as well as winning it, the same year he first voted in an election.

. This occurred while the African National Congress was outlawed in the country, of which he was a youth leader. In April 1994 the Mandela-led ANC won South Africa’s first elections by universal suffrage, and on May 10 Mandela was sworn in as president of the country’s first multiethnic government. African National Congress (ANC), a black-liberation group, and became a leader of its Youth League. Mandela's primary school was a local missionary school where he became known as Nelson. He married Winnie Madikizela in 1958 and they divorced in 1996 after 38 years. You might know what Nelson Mandela stood for, but how much do you really know about this inspirational man? 1986); No Easy Walk to Freedom (1965; updated ed. 1. YourDictionary definition and usage example. Nelson Mandela’s real first name was Rolihlahla. He was 95 years old. The Madiba clan was the clan of kings from the Thembu people. Mandela and de Klerk were jointly awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1993 for their efforts.

Mandela was a central force in challenging South African apartheid from as early as the 1950s. Umkhonto we Sizwe (“Spear of the Nation”), the military wing of the ANC. Numerous memorial services were held, including one by the South African government on December 10. An unfinished draft of his second volume of memoirs was completed by Mandla Langa and released posthumously as padding-left: 32px; color: #888; Mandela Day, observed on Mandela’s birthday, was created to honour his legacy by promoting community service around the world. a.facebook-find, Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC), which investigated human rights violations under apartheid, and he introduced housing, education, and economic development initiatives designed to improve the living standards of the country’s black population. In 1994, he became the first president of South Africa to be elected by a democratic system, and he became for first black president. width: auto; 1986), No Easy Walk to Freedom (1965; updated ed. Facts | History, People | 14 Magnificent Facts about Nelson Mandela Graca Machel, the widow of Samora Machel, the former Mozambican president and leader of Frelimo. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela, also known as Madiba, was born Rolihlahla Mandela on July 18, 1918, in Mvezo, South Africa; the name Nelson was later added by one of his teachers.

Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Mandela’s writings and speeches were collected in I Am Prepared to Die (1964; rev. On February 11, 1990, the South African government under President de Klerk released Mandela from prison. Due to these talks, he was able to be freed. In. vertical-align: middle;

He was laid to rest at Qunu, in South Africa’s Eastern Cape province, on December 15. display: inline-block; Site Map. Copyright © 2018 by LoveToKnow Corp, "What Are Some Nelson Mandela Quick Facts? Mandela’s speech from the dock, in which he admitted the truth of some of the charges made against him, was a classic defense of liberty and defiance of tyranny. Nelson Mandela Use our interactive map to navigate our fascinating planet and discover many interesting and fun facts for every country…, © 2020 Planet Numbers Ltd.   Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. In 1968, both his mother and son passed away. He was the first black president … Required fields are marked *. After the massacre of unarmed black South Africans by police forces at Sharpeville in 1960 and the subsequent banning of the ANC, Mandela abandoned his nonviolent stance and began advocating acts of sabotage against the South African regime. Nelson Mandela’s real first name was Rolihlahla. He was given the name Nelson in school when he was seven years old. de Klerk, for having led the transition from apartheid to a multiracial democracy. After his father’s death, young Nelson was raised by Jongintaba, the regent of the Tembu. }

Shortly after his release, Mandela was chosen deputy president of the ANC; he became president of the party in July 1991. Your email address will not be published.