Cotton crops failed due to boll weevil infestation and successive severe flooding in 1912 and 1913, creating crisis conditions for many African Americans. The state's dependence on agriculture and resistance to taxation limited the funds it had available to spend on any schools. [114] For purposes of assessment for ad valorem taxes, taxable property is divided into five classes.

All were invented, promulgated or heavily developed by Mississippi musicians, many of them African American, and most came from the Mississippi Delta. The Mississippi Territory was organized on April 7, 1798, from territory ceded by Georgia and South Carolina to the United States. In the early 20th century, some industries were established in Mississippi, but jobs were generally restricted to whites, including child workers. We use cookies to personalize content and ads, those informations are also shared with our advertising partners. The region has rich soil, partly made up of silt which had been regularly deposited by the flood waters of the Mississippi River. "The Bayou State" This Mississippi state nickname is a reference to the marshy streams that go through the lowlands along the great Mississippi River and out into the Gulf. [27] Paleo-Indians in the South were hunter-gatherers who pursued the megafauna that became extinct following the end of the Pleistocene age. Of Ojibwe or Algonquin origin, the name “Mississippi” is derived from the word “misi-ziibi,” meaning "Great River." English, Scottish and Scots-Irish are generally the most under-reported ancestry groups in both the South Atlantic States and the East South Central States. The term's actual origin is more unsettling. [102] Mississippi has the largest percentage of African-American same-sex couples among total households. "[144] This religious test restriction was held to be unconstitutional by the U.S. Supreme Court in Torcaso v. Watkins (1961). (February 16, 2017). The first major European expedition into the territory that became Mississippi was that of the Spanish explorer, Hernando de Soto, who passed through the northeast part of the state in 1540, in his second expedition to the New World. Previous intervention strategies may have been largely ineffective due to not being culturally sensitive or practical. The Magnolia Independent Film Festival, still held annually in Starkville, is the first and oldest in the state. The state has the highest adherence rate of the PCA in 2010, with 121 congregations and 18,500 members. The lowest point is sea level at the Gulf Coast. Mississippi State Names (Etymology of Names) Mississippi Name Origin and State Nicknames. In the summer of 1964 students and community organizers from across the country came to help register black voters in Mississippi and establish Freedom Schools. Mississippi was a center of activity, based in black churches, to educate and register black voters, and to work for integration. "The Bayou State" is another popular name, hearkening to the state's rural, backwater flavor. Louisiana and a narrow coast on the Gulf By 1860, a majority—55 percent—of the population of Mississippi was enslaved. In those years, planters considered their slaves too valuable to hire out for such dangerous work. White students at pep rallies couldn't tell star wide receiver D.K. The African-American percentage of population has begun to increase due mainly to a younger population than the whites (the total fertility rates of the two races are approximately equal). In the majority-black Mississippi Delta counties, white parents worked through White Citizens' Councils to set up private segregation academies, where they enrolled their children. [20], Mississippi is home to eight winter stonefly species.[21]. Her aunt won't wear any of it, she said. Still, Hudson thinks the sobriquet sends a negative message, she said. As another agricultural depression lowered cotton prices into the 1890s, numerous African-American farmers finally had to sell their land to pay off debts, thus losing the land which they had developed by hard, personal labor.[42]. Estimates are that 100,000 black and 50,000 white men were removed from voter registration rolls in the state over the next few years. Mississippi is a U.S. state located in the Southern United States. Almost half a million people left Mississippi in the second migration, three-quarters of them black. The temperature varies little statewide in the summer; however, in winter, the region near Mississippi Sound is significantly warmer than the inland portion of the state. The magnolia is also the state flower and the state tree of Mississippi. Regional losses and the Mississippi River Levee Association's lobbying for a flood control bill helped gain passage of national bills in 1917 and 1923 to provide federal matching funds for local levee districts, on a scale of 2:1. They sought jobs, better education for their children, the right to vote, relative freedom from discrimination, and better living. Their original colonial charters theoretically extended west to the Pacific Ocean.