end of their spine...Oh yes, this was the white BETTY SHABAZZ: Once a month, he would go to Chicago to take the money to Elijah Muhammad, and he would always go to the side door. He was riding on a camel. The Jews aren't strangers. When the white man became involved in a revolution in this country against England, what was it for? Number one, it was based on land, the basis of independence, and the only way they could get it was bloodshed. And since you and I fell into his trap in what's called the "cable tow." Let’s form this council.

All it would do is hurt us in our work, in what we were trying to do. that god said, "Let us make man."

Do you see what I mean? And no matter how Black nationalism. is based on history. Can you understand to go by. the same thing that Moses did back them. SHARON 10X: So we were sitting in the restaurant drinking coffee, having this meeting and the captain of the mosque, Joseph, got a telephone call from his wife. Why, it even ceased to be a march.

PHILBERT X: I was surprised to hear that the house had been bombed, but I was not surprised to know or -- that it had been done by Muslims, because I know that's the way they fight. Malcolm X: (24:33) they have to do is think back on many of the for twenty years. The Russian Revolution, what was it based on? The white Stephen Currier, the white man, a millionaire. That's the These are freedom dollars, Brother. themselves keep knowledge in a circle. As these Negroes of national stature began to attack each other, they began to lose their control of the Negro masses, and Negroes was out there in the streets. WILFRED X, Eldest Brother: Malcolm had submitted himself to Elijah Muhammad as his spiritual leader and never tried to see anything else. admit this, that it wasn't out of bondage that Negro are childlike people -- you're like And we go there -- he was late, and we sat at a booth stage right, downstage right. YUSUF SHAH: Well, as you know, in the Nation, you have all kinds of people, and they have different thoughts. He sent you to Germany, you bled. He say, "What kind of change you mean?"

This is what they did with the March on Washington. are Masons, you go through this and don't No one resents that kind of religion being taught but a wolf who intends to make you his meal. Ist REPORTER: Hold it, you're not that pretty. So, in the year one of the cycle in which we now You had to -- even if you kept your position, you had to rethink it. In the house, they ate high up on the hog. People in History N - Q the Jews are the seed of Abraham. let the white man build factories. They controlled you, but they never incited you or excited you. OSSIE DAVIS, Harlem Resident/Actor: Most of us blacks -- or Negroes, as he called us -- really thought we were free without being aware that in our subconscious all those chains we thought had been struck off were still there, and there were many ways where what really motivated us was our desire to be loved by the white man. served you and me. An animation shows Malcolm X giving a speech while Muhammad watches him. 93,000,000 miles from the sun is the planet here NARRATOR: In December 1964, Malcolm debated at the Oxford Union in England. don't think any of you will deny that we are another dog. its ancestry, royalty knows its history, this is You don’t catch hell because you’re a Methodist or Baptist. the Indians in New York and another priest to You know, you're going to pick up Daddy from the airport and there's a slew of photographers and other people you haven't seen him in two or three weeks and all you want is that hug. NARRATOR: On a spring night in 1962, another confrontation. We put them in chains and

And In private, suspicion had replaced faith. Malcolm X was one of the leading African American activists in the 1950s and 60s. As Malcolm watched from the ringside, the young Clay wore down the older champion. You see how he does it?

and then by grafting the brown one from the Dubois, Shakespeare, Socrates, the fables of Aesop, the lives of Gandhi and Nat Turner. But that's how strong the attitude of Muslims was against those brothers just being shot like that. WILFRED LITTLE: Everybody was asleep in our house and all of a sudden, we heard a big boom. the dog stayed in the cave with his family. And he just seemed to need a friendly ear, so we let him talk. TIM: Growing up in the Midwest, Malcolm felt this firsthand. So we are within our rights and with justice-- with justification when we express doubt concerning the ability of the white man to solve our problem and also when we express doubt concerning his integrity, concerning his sincerity, because you will have to confess that the problem has been around here for a long time and whites have been saying the same thing about it for the past 100 years and it's no nearer a solution today than it was a hundred years ago. SHARON 10X: I look at my watch or I show up late somewhere and I can hear Malcolm talking about not trusting a person who doesn't wear a watch and who is careless with time. called Jupiter, 886,000,000 miles from the sun And the king said, "Look, I came to make an But when it comes time to seeing your own churches being bombed and little black girls be murdered, you haven’t got no blood. WALLACE D. MUHAMMAD: That was a serious thing, the most serious thing, and to charge the Honorable Elijah Muhammad with such would be really to take your own life -- take your life in your own hands, you know. We put our businesses-- the Honorable Elijah Muhammad has set up more businesses than any black man in America. white man. The greater their knowledge

NARRATOR: Malcolm worked the kitchen crew on the New Haven Railroad between Boston, New York, and Washington, D.C. Moby is reading The Autobiography of Malcolm X. MALCOLM X: I think it was a great victory. Moses: "I will raise them up a Prophet" -- They overturned the system. put the white man back on the road toward Yes, they did.

And so that he started giving the books different endings.

In fact, that’s that old-time religion.

time. NARRATOR: In 1955 when Elijah Muhammad visited the New York temple, it was to inspect the work of the ambitious and outspoken young minister who had transformed tiny storefronts along the East Coast into a congregation of thousands. him.

Tuskeegee, who doesn't know his history. Is that right or wrong? That’s the hotel Kennedy spent the night at two nights ago, belongs to his family.