Nursery school, or leikskóli, is non-compulsory education for children younger than six years, and is the first step in the education system.

", "Trapped, unlikeliest TV hit of the year, draws to a close", "The 64th Academy Awards (1992) Nominees and Winners", "Exclusive: Matt Damon Joins Christopher Nolan's 'Interstellar,' Lines Up Directorial Debut 'The Foreigner, "Iceland passes law on press freedom and protection", Percentage of Individuals using the Internet, "The Networked Readiness Index 2009–2010", "Vísir – Ekkert frumvarp um klám fram komið! Get your message across with a professional-looking map of minimal aesthetic. The largest town in the South of Iceland is Selfoss, with just under 7,000 people. Markets are not common in Iceland, but you will find the fleamarket Kolaportið by the old harbour. Swimming is popular in Iceland. The Icelandic Commonwealth lasted until the 13th century, when the political system devised by the original settlers proved unable to cope with the increasing power of Icelandic chieftains. [48] Iceland formally became a republic on 17 June 1944, with Sveinn Björnsson as its first president. Simply drag and drop (. In 2010, the Icelandic parliament amended the marriage law, making it gender neutral and defining marriage as between two individuals, making Iceland one of the first countries in the world to legalise same-sex marriages. Similarly, only 6% reported "rarely" or "never" socialising with others. Then came a Viking named Flóki Vilgerðarson; his daughter drowned en route, then his livestock starved to death. In just a day, you can enjoy a return journey that will introduce you to waterfalls, black sand beaches, glaciers and volcanoes. [136] Iceland's agriculture industry, accounting for 5.4% of GDP,[69] consists mainly of potatoes, green vegetables (in greenhouses), mutton and dairy products. The president, in contrast, is elected by popular vote for a term of four years with no term limit. Do you want to know where Reykjavík's points of interest are or where the best waterfalls are along the South Coast?

[69] Until 2003, the constituencies for the parliamentary elections were the same as the regions, but by an amendment to the constitution, they were changed to the current six constituencies: The redistricting change was made to balance the weight of different districts of the country, since previously a vote cast in the sparsely populated areas around the country would count much more than a vote cast in the Reykjavík city area. In grammar and vocabulary, it has changed less from Old Norse than the other Nordic languages; Icelandic has preserved more verb and noun inflection, and has to a considerable extent developed new vocabulary based on native roots rather than borrowings from other languages. [210] Overall, the country's health care system is one of the best performing in the world, ranked 15th by the World Health Organization. Due to the island's climate, fruits and vegetables are not generally a component of traditional dishes, although the use of greenhouses has made them more common in contemporary food. According to a study published in 2001, 23% of the inhabitants were either atheist or agnostic. Are there waterfalls all around the country?

[clarification needed], Among Iceland's best-known classical composers are Daníel Bjarnason and Anna S. Þorvaldsdóttir (Anna Thorvaldsdottir), who in 2012 received the Nordic Council Music Prize and in 2015 was chosen as the New York Philharmonic's Kravis Emerging Composer, an honor that includes a $50,000 cash prize and a commission to write a composition for the orchestra; she is the second recipient. However, above, you can find a map of some of the most dramatic, most powerful and most beautiful waterfalls in Iceland. [34] Christianity was adopted by consensus around 999–1000, although Norse paganism persisted among segments of the population for some years afterwards.[35]. [69] Iceland has three national parks: Vatnajökull National Park, Snæfellsjökull National Park, and Þingvellir National Park. In 1996, the Icelandic parliament passed legislation to create registered partnerships for same-sex couples, conferring nearly all the rights and benefits of marriage. Due to the fact that the capital is nestled in the centre of the attractions of the west, it is possible to visit all of the major sites while basing yourself in Reykjavík.

[68], Many fjords punctuate Iceland's 4,970-km-long (3,088-mi) coastline, which is also where most settlements are situated. For its size, Iceland imports and translates more international literature than any other nation. Svartifoss in the Skaftafell Nature Reserve, meanwhile, is surrounded by black basalt columns that have inspired much of the architecture around the country. Iceland still relies heavily on fishing, but its importance is diminishing from an export share of 90% in the 1960s to 40% in 2006. This is low compared with other countries (over one million species have been described worldwide). The 2002 James Bond movie Die Another Day is set for a large-part in Iceland. They did it in both 2015 and 2017. They then lost to hosts and later finalists France in the quarter finals. In 2016, Prime Minister Sigmundur Davíð Gunnlaugsson resigned after being implicated in the Panama Papers scandal. The island of Grímsey on the Arctic Circle contains the northernmost habitation of Iceland, whereas Kolbeinsey contains the northernmost point of Iceland. [200], Emigration of Icelanders to the United States and Canada began in the 1870s. The warm North Atlantic Current ensures generally higher annual temperatures than in most places of similar latitude in the world. The cabinet is appointed by the president after a general election to the Althing; however, the appointment is usually negotiated by the leaders of the political parties, who decide among themselves after discussions which parties can form the cabinet and how to distribute its seats, under the condition that it has a majority support in the Althing. After a phase of inactivity, Geysir started erupting again after a series of earthquakes in 2000.

bjbj�:�: " �P �P � �� �� �� � � � e e e e e y y y y y � y :B � � � � � � �. The oldest sport association in Iceland is the Reykjavík Shooting Association, founded in 1867. Unlike most countries, there are no private hospitals, and private insurance is practically nonexistent. These three parties form the ruling coalition in the cabinet led by leftist Katrín Jakobsdóttir. Around 19,000 people (6% of the population) held foreign citizenship. (The island of Ireland is third.) If you venture towards Laugardalur, Reykjavík's recreational area, then you can also visit Ásmundarsafn Sculpture Museum. [33] At this time, about 25% of Iceland was covered with forest, compared to 1% in the present day. [69] Only scientists researching the growth of new life are allowed to visit the island. The City Hall is open to all visitors, and occasionally you might catch some live music or an interesting photo or gallery exhibition here. Iceland's official written and spoken language is Icelandic, a North Germanic language descended from Old Norse. More than 70 percent of Iceland's population live in the southwest corner (Greater Reykjavík and the nearby Southern Peninsula), which covers less than two percent of Iceland's land area. It is roughly the same distance to drive from Reykjavík to the town of Egilsstaðir in East Iceland, no matter whether you take the northern route or the southern route. [184] Iceland has considerable renewable energy resources, especially geothermal energy and hydropower resources,[185] and most of the potential has not been developed, partly because there is not enough demand for additional electricity generation capacity from the residents and industry of Iceland; the United Kingdom is interested in importing inexpensive electricity from renewable sources of energy, and this could lead to further development of the energy resources. Does Reykjavík have a wide range of supermarkets?