IBM is nicknamed Big Blue in part due to its blue logo and color scheme,[126][127] and also partially since IBM once had a de facto dress code of white shirts with blue suits. In business, former IBM employees include Apple Inc. CEO Tim Cook,[156] former EDS CEO and politician Ross Perot, Microsoft chairman John W. Thompson, SAP co-founder Hasso Plattner, Gartner founder Gideon Gartner, Advanced Micro Devices (AMD) CEO Lisa Su,[157] former Citizens Financial Group CEO Ellen Alemany, former Yahoo! (function(){ For other uses, see, For additional books about IBM, biographies, memoirs, technology and more, see, Major personal computer, server, and mainframe hardware companies, Companies with an annual revenue of over US$3 billion, Companies with annual software revenue of over US$3 billion, National Medal of Technology and Innovation, Research Triangle Park (Raleigh-Durham), North Carolina, United States Environmental Protection Agency, United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, List of largest manufacturing companies by revenue, Tech companies in the New York City metropolitan region, "IBM Is Blowing Up Its Annual Performance Review", "TECH IBM shares soar on plans to spin off its IT infrastructure unit and focus on the cloud business", "IBM Now Has More Employees in India Than in the U.S.", "Tabulating Concerns Unite: Flint & Co. Bring Four Together with $19,000,000 capital", "IBM Statement on Nazi-era Book and Lawsuit", "This Is the Hidden Nazi History of IBM — And the Man Who Tried to Expose It", "*IBM: The Rise and Fall and Reinvention of a Global Icon*", "The Creation of the World Trade Corporation", "The history of the UPC bar code and how the bar code symbol and system became a world standard", "Lenovo Completes Acquisition Of IBM's Personal Computing Division", "IBM Plans to Acquire Texas Memory Systems", "IBM to buy website hosting service SoftLayer", "Inside the Video Surveillance Program IBM Built for Philippine Strongman Rodrigo Duterte", "Lenovo says $2.1 billion IBM x86 server deal to close on Wednesday", "Apple Teams Up With IBM For Huge, Expansive Enterprise Push", "Landmark IBM Twitter partnership to help businesses make decisions", "IBM Announces Marketing Partnership With Facebook", "Tencent teams up with IBM to offer business software over the cloud", "Cisco and IBM's New Partnership Is a Lot About Talk", "IBM, Under Armour Team Up To Bring Cognitive Computing To Fitness Apps", "IBM, Box Cloud Partnership: What It Means", "Microsoft just made a deal with IBM — and Apple should be nervous", "VMware and SugarCRM expand partnerships with IBM, make services available on IBM Cloud", "IBM, CSC Expand Their Cloud Deal to the Mainframe", "Macy's Taps IBM, Satisfi for In-Store Shopping Companion", "Sesame Workshop, IBM partner to use Watson for preschoolers", "IBM, Salesforce Strike Global Partnership on Cloud, AI", "IBM Buys Merge Healthcare to Boost Watson Health Cloud", "IBM Agrees to Acquire Weather Channel's Digital Assets", "IBM acquires Ustream, launches cloud video unit", "IBM Acquires Ustream: Behind the Acquisition", "Groupon sues 'once-great' IBM over patent", "IBM Buys Digital Part of The Weather Company", "IBM to Acquire Red Hat for About $33 Billion", "IBM Nears Deal to Acquire Software Maker Red Hat", "IBM Closes Landmark Acquisition of Red Hat for $34 Billion; Defines Open, Hybrid Cloud Future", "IBM To Accelerate Hybrid Cloud Growth Strategy And Execute Spin-Off Of Market-Leading Managed Infrastructure Services Unit", "IBM's Red Hat Deal Laid Foundation for Split of Company Into Two Pieces", "IBM to break up 109-year old company to focus on cloud growth", "IBM spins off a quarter of the company to focus on the cloud", "IBM shares rise on plans to spin off its IT infrastructure unit and focus on the cloud business", "IBM to Spin Off Services Unit to Accelerate Cloud-Computing Pivot", "IBM Spinning Off Infrastructure Managed Services Group To Focus On Cloud Is A Good Move", "IBM to Spin off $19B Business to Focus on Cloud Computing", "IBM's New Headquarters Reflects A Change in Corporate Style", "On the Dedication of the Louis V. Gerstner, Jr., Center for Learning – THINK Blog", "Company Overview of IBM China Company Limited", "Village of Endicott Environmental Investigations", "In an I.B.M. [147] The company's culture has also given to different plays on the company acronym (IBM), with some saying is stands for "I've Been Moved" due to relocations and layoffs,[148] others saying it stands for "I'm By Myself" pursuant to a prevalent work-from-anywhere norm,[149] and others saying it stands for "I'm Being Mentored" due to the company's open door policy and encouragement for mentoring at all levels. IBM is incorporated in New York and has operations in over 170 countries. Prior to the announced split, IBM produced and sold computer hardware, middleware and software, and providing hosting and consulting services in areas ranging from mainframe computers to nanotechnology. [132] The company also sponsored the Olympic Games from 1960 to 2000,[133] and the National Football League from 2003 to 2012. "":"no-")+"fn-start",[,r,o],n),o)try{return e.apply(this,arguments)}catch(t){throw c.emit("fn-err",[arguments,this,t],n),t}finally{c.emit("fn-end",[],n)}}}};a("actionText,setName,setAttribute,save,ignore,onEnd,getContext,end,get".split(","),function(t,e){h[e]=o(l+e)}),newrelic.noticeError=function(t,e){"string"==typeof t&&(t=new Error(t)),i("err",[t,,!1,e])}},{}],18:[function(t,e,n){e.exports=function(t){if("string"==typeof t&&t.length)return t.length;if("object"==typeof t){if("undefined"!=typeof ArrayBuffer&&t instanceof ArrayBuffer&&t.byteLength)return t.byteLength;if("undefined"!=typeof Blob&&t instanceof Blob&&t.size)return t.size;if(! chairman John McClelland, and recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature J. M. Coetzee. var mps = mps || {}; By May 2018 he was completely out of IBM.

f.parentNode.insertBefore(e, f); International Business Machines Corp. individual insider activity by MarketWatch. '//', [114] Recent allocations have included $1 billion to create a business unit for Watson in 2014, and $3 billion to create a next-gen semiconductor along with $4 billion towards growing the company's "strategic imperatives" (cloud, analytics, mobile, security, social) in 2015.[115]. The moving averages on the hourly timeframe suggest a choppiness in price, as the 20, 50 and 100 are all in a mixed alignment — meaning the trend across timeframes is inconsistent, indicating a potential opportunity for rangebound traders. [57], In 2015, IBM bought the digital part of The Weather Company;,[58] Truven Health Analytics for $2.6 billion in 2016, and in October 2018, IBM announced its intention to acquire Red Hat for $34 billion,[59][60][61] which was completed on July 9, 2019. [167], American multinational technology and consulting corporation, This article is about the American multinational technology company. if(typeof document.getElementsByTagName('meta')['tp:PreferredRuntimes'] === 'object') { IBM hired its first black salesperson in 1946, and in 1952, CEO Thomas J. Watson, Jr. published the company's first written equal opportunity policy letter, one year before the U.S. Supreme Court decision in Brown vs. Board of Education and 11 years before the Civil Rights Act of 1964. }); The choppiness in the recent daily price action of International Business Machines Corp continues; to start today, it came in at a price of … } [84], IBM has a large and diverse portfolio of products and services. ("undefined"!=typeof FormData&&t instanceof FormData))try{return JSON.stringify(t).length}catch(e){return}}}},{}],19:[function(t,e,n){var r=0,o=navigator.userAgent.match(/Firefox[\/\s](\d+\.\d+)/);o&&(r=+o[1]),e.exports=r},{}],20:[function(t,e,n){function r(t,e){if(!o)return!1;if(t!==o)return!1;if(!e)return!0;if(!i)return!1;for(var n=i.split("."),r=e.split(". [79], IBM was recognized as one of the Top 20 Best Workplaces for Commuters by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in 2005, which recognized Fortune 500 companies that provided employees with excellent commuter benefits to help reduce traffic and air pollution. In its early days, a dark (or gray) suit, white shirt, and a "sincere" tie constituted the public uniform for IBM employees. !e;this.xhrGuids&&this.xhrGuids[n]&&(delete this.xhrGuids[n],this.totalCbs-=1)}),f.on("addEventListener-end",function(t,e){e instanceof m&&"load"===t[0]&&f.emit("xhr-load-added",[t[1],t[2]],e)}),f.on("removeEventListener-end",function(t,e){e instanceof m&&"load"===t[0]&&f.emit("xhr-load-removed",[t[1],t[2]],e)}),f.on("fn-start",function(t,e,n){e instanceof m&&("onload"===n&&(this.onload=!0),("load"===(t[0]&&t[0].type)||this.onload)&&(}),f.on("fn-end",function(t,e){this.xhrCbStart&&f.emit("xhr-cb-time",[,this.onload,e],e)})}},{}],16:[function(t,e,n){e.exports=function(t){var e=document.createElement("a"),n=window.location,r={};e.href=t,r.port=e.port;var o=e.href.split("://");!r.port&&o[1]&&(r.port=o[1].split("/")[0].split("@").pop().split(":")[1]),r.port&&"0"!==r.port||(r.port="https"===o[0]? The company's most prestigious designation is that of IBM Fellow. }; IBM serves clients worldwide.