James’s focus on work has led to deep controversy about the letter. In addition, with width = 1 we specify how wide the horizontal lines on the errorbar should be. Chapter 2, “Oriental Structures and Restructures,” treats the French and English traditions of the study of the Muslim Near East during the nineteenth century and up to World War I. However, the bar chart does not show the mean or median life expectancy for all countries, but the sum of life expectancies for each country and year. 9 Afghanistan Asia 1992 41.7 16317921 649. In this example, we passed two arguments to the stat_summary function. What’s great about the memes is they’re created in a way that doesn’t diminish the literature plots, because in reality, one would have to have such a comprehensive understanding of the text to make such good jokes. Pointranges indicate variation by strokes with a dot in the middle.

Study Guide. Since the calculations are the same for every stat_summary function the visual encodings smoothly align.

I have no idea how the legendary writers would feel about their greatest works getting the meme treatment, but people online are definitely loving it. If so, the relationship here is that orientalism... What are the criticisms of Said's Orientalism? “I hope our followers take away that classic literature doesn’t have to be totally dry”.

Traditionally, we use the mean or the median of a variable to do that.

Fortunately, the developers of ggplot2 have thought about the problem of how to visualize summary statistics deeply. Required fields are marked *. SparkNotes does a remarkable job of shifting with the times to stay relevant and interesting in the eyes of its readers — and the quest to balance fun and education really seems to be paying off. This may be due to mistakes in the data or maybe something has actually changed in life expectancy. One might not initially think that Boo Radley and John Mulaney have much in common, or that Michael Scott could effortlessly embody Romeo, Julius Caesar, and Holden Caulfield if you simply alter your perspective. I very much hope you will also find them useful for your own purposes. “Sometimes I’ll be reading a book, and I’ll remember a joke I saw earlier that fits. Sometimes a new meme format will crop up over the weekend, and I’ll think, ‘That could work for Macbeth,‘” she said. However, experienced conference attendees usually expect not only individual summary statistics, but also measures of uncertainty such as confidence intervals or standard deviations.

Get the key insights in just 10 minutes. How Asia Works is not a gripping page-turner aimed at general audiences, but it’s a good read for anyone who wants to understand what actually determines whether a developing economy will succeed. From the visualization you can clearly see the two genocides in Rwanda and Cambodia. That's why stat_summary is so powerful. We have the summary!

!function(f,b,e,v,n,t,s){if(f.fbq)return;n=f.fbq=function(){n.callMethod? }, if (window.mashKit) { (And hopefully teaching educators who follow a thing or two about good memes.). From a general summary to chapter summaries to explanations of famous quotes, the SparkNotes The American Study Guide has everything you need to ace quizzes, tests, and essays. In war, men in live shorter lives. Instead we have an argument called fun.data. Summary of How Asia Works Joe Studwell, Looking for the book? Instead of bar we now use point and line. Chelsea Aaron, a 31-year-old senior editor for SparkNotes, is a huge part of the success. Get ready to write your essay on The American. Got it! “I wanted this stuff to seem slightly more fun (or, at the very least, less intimidating) to the average stressed-out student who’s just trying to read fifty pages by tomorrow and also has a quiz on Friday,” she said. She’s also known for hilariously retelling entire works (SparkNotes style, so, abridged versions) using the account’s Highlight feature. These measures of uncertainty allow users to understand how much our variables vary. Not according to our research, says SAP chief number cruncher, Online voting vendor Voatz urges Supreme Court to limit security research, Zoom Launches a Virtual Events Marketplace, PS5 Owners Will Be Able to Record and Share Voice Chats With Sony, Google/EdX Are Charging $298 For Their Remake of a Free 2012 How-to-Google Course, Sony Reveals the PlayStation 5 User Interface. The only difference is that we calcluated the confidence intervals by hand. Which multiple of the standard deviation you want can be specified with the argument mult. I have moved this question to this group because I assume that you are asking about the concept of orientalism as pioneered by Said in this book. It was a revelation to me when I first encountered them. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. First, I create code that I wouldn't need if I could do the calculations directly with ggplot2. Luther famously disliked James because he read James 2:24 (“You see that a person is justified by works and not by faith alone”) to be a con­tradiction of Galatians 2:16 (“A person is justified not by the works of …

The brilliantly sharp, comical posts seem effortless, but Aaron explained the process takes some serious concentration. fbq(‘init’, ‘1453039084979896’); Don't be shy to contact me. Let's last try to gain a real insight from the dataset. Edward Said describes "orientalism" as a process in which the Western and European countries have (through literary and scientific/anthropological texts and discourses) not discovered but... What is Edward Said's book Orientalism about? t.src=v;s=b.getElementsByTagName(e)[0];s.parentNode.insertBefore(t,s)}(window, By “Orientalism,” Said means three things. I certainly did not. and in-depth analyses of 10 Afghanistan Asia 1997 41.8 22227415 635. http://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js

(A dream job.) She posts everything from out-of-context screenshots, GIFs, and videos, to altered headlines from The Onion and trending meme formats of the moment, like “in this house” memes, “nobody vs me” memes, and more. Gorter thinks the accounts are so appealing because they create a deep sense of community — an online space that isn’t so isolating, rather a place where where bibliophiles, television enthusiasts, and meme lovers can all come together and geek the hell out.