Those entering its main gate were greeted with an infamous and ironic inscription: “Arbeit Macht Frei,” or “Work Makes You Free.”. Built in an open, swampy field less than two miles from Auschwitz I and across the main set of railroad tracks. A portion of the camp, “F Lager,” was a medical facility that was used for experiments as well as limited medical treatment of camp prisoners. In October 1944, a group of Auschwitz "Sonderkommando," young Jewish males responsible for removing corpses from crematoriums and gas chambers, staged a revolt. The first escape took place on July 6, 1940, by Tadeusz Wiejowski.

The Soviet Army liberated the Auschwitz complex on January 27, 1945. The liberators also discovered mounds of corpses, hundreds of thousands of pieces of clothing and pairs of shoes and seven tons of human hair that had been shaved from detainees before their liquidation. Watch a preview now. As Russian forces advanced toward Auschwitz, Beller and other prisoners had been told by their captors that they had to leave the death camp. 9 out of every 10 people killed in Birkenau were Jewish.

There were... Auschwitz survivors – testimonies of courage. Which of these regions does Norway belong to? This small camp, Auschwitz I, was reserved throughout its history for political prisoners, mainly Poles and Germans. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The Auschwitz complex was the most notorious in the Nazi camp system.

Between May 15 and July 9, 1944, some 438,000 Hungarian Jews were shipped on 147 trains to Birkenau, stretching the camp’s resources for killing beyond all limits. Those deemed fit to work were employed as slave labor in the production of munitions, synthetic rubber and other products considered essential to Germany’s efforts in World War II.
The gas chambers were disguised as shower facilities to deceive the victims in order to keep them calm and cooperative throughout the process. In January 1945, as the Soviet army entered Krakow, the Germans ordered that Auschwitz be abandoned. Also contained a special Labor Education Department to reeducate non-Jewish prisoners who did not follow camp structure and policy. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Block 10 was known as the “Krankenbau” or hospital barrack. The complex consisted of three large camps and 45 smaller sub-camps. A group of Hungarian Jews arriving at the Auschwitz-Birkenau camp in German-occupied Poland.

Those detainees considered unfit for work, including young children, the elderly, pregnant women and the infirm, were immediately ordered to take showers.

Auschwitz-Birkenau, also known as Auschwitz II, was located less than two miles away. All of the Auschwitz camps implemented a tattoo system for prisoners who remained in the camp system. These detainees included anti-Nazi activists, politicians, resistance members and luminaries from the cultural and scientific communities.